To achieve advanced skills in the two chosen languages. More specifically:
• Dutch: the level of the professional native language user
• German, English, French: the level C1 of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages
• Italian, Spanish and Swedish: the level B2 of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages
• Latin and Ancient Greek: to master these languages at a level comparable to the C1/B2 level of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages as far as reading and understanding are concerned, and to the A2 level as far as writing is concerned.
To apply knowledge of the structure of the two chosen languages to the analysis of linguistic phenomena.To apply knowledge of the literary traditions of the two chosen languages to the analysis of texts and when placing these traditions in a literary-historical and stylistic context.To know and understand the state of the art of the most important linguistic and literary research traditions. To apply one's knowledge and understanding of the historical aspects of the studied languages to the study of texts and (contemporary) language structures. To develop an awareness of the link between languages, their literature and their culture, especially of the two chosen languages.To process knowledge of the history and culture of the areas in which the chosen languages were/are spoken, and to actively use it in different contexts.To know and understand related and auxiliary sciences, to recognize their importance to linguistic and literature research, and to be able to communicate with researches from these scientific disciplines. To be able to situate sources and studies on their chosen language, on literature and on culture in their context, and to critically analyze them. To be able to reproduce and apply linguistic and literary paradigms, methods of analysis, and interpretation techniques ; where necessary or useful, to invoke the relevant digital analytical tools.To critically examine a linguistic, literary or cultural topic in an appropriate, scientific way.To have an awareness of the historical and ideological definiteness of research questions, and to acknowledge the necessity of questioning research processes.To have a strong linguistic awareness, i.e. to recognize the crucial role of language in human interaction and in cultural productions, and to act accordingly. To think analytically about (culture-)historical, literary and linguistic issues.To develop a critical attitude towards sources, scientific analyses and theories.To produce synthetic results of one's own research.To display intellectual curiosity and a lifelong learning attitude.To report in the two chosen (modern) languages and/or in Dutch, orally and in writing, to experts and lay people.To cooperate and to contribute to discussions in the two chosen (modern) languages and/or in Dutch.To have an awareness of the values and standards on which scientists base their work.To handle scientific and other sources in a well-considered way, while respecting the intellectual property and privacy of others. To be aware of social questions, and the usefulness of linguistics and literary studies in debating those issues. To have a sense of social responsibility, cultural sensitivity and an understanding of intercultural dynamics.