To have excellent proficiency in (several varieties of) the studied languages and to use it, in the case of the modern languages, in various contexts.
• Dutch: the level of the professional native language user
• German, English, French, Italian, Spanish and Swedish: the level C2 or at least C1 of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages, in the area of understanding (listening and reading); speaking (production and interaction) and writing.
• Latin and Ancient Greek: to master these languages at a level comparable to the C1/B2 level of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages as far as reading and understanding are concerned, and to the A2 level as far as writing is concerned.
To apply a thorough scientific understanding of linguistics and linguistic representations. To apply thorough scientific understanding of the specific characteristics of literary texts and of the historical functioning of literature. To assess literary and linguistic methods of analysis actively and critically and to use them when tackling new problems.[Specifically for masters' students who choose two foreign languages:] To compare the two chosen languages and their literatures, and their mutual influence and interaction.[Specifically for mono-masters's students:] To critically assess historical phenomena and philosophical, cultural and socio-political processes in the language area under study.To include related and auxiliary sciences into linguistic or literary research, while maintaining a critical attitude.To formulate a novel research question independently, to situate it in the field of research, and to answer it ; to draw up a research plan in collaboration with a promotor and to coordinate the progress of research. To have a critical understanding of the international specialist literature and of the latest developments in the field and in various research methodologies.To critically apply theoretical models and methods of analysis to complex problems ; to deduct general or theoretical conclusions from individual case studies.To interpret the historical and ideological definiteness of research questions and to question the research process.To have an excellent linguistic awareness: to critically assess the crucial role of language in human interaction and in cultural productions, and to act accordingly by using language in a creative way.To critically assess one's own research and that of others.To display scientific curiosity and a lifelong learning attitude.To report on the field and on one's own research to colleagues and lay people, in one or two of the chosen foreign languages and in Dutch, both orally and in writing.To present research results orally and in writing, in an academically appropriate way.To execute tasks in a team, at an academic level.To incorporate ethical and normative aspects into scientific work.To critically assess the tranferability of one’s own research to other societal domains. To incorporate social responsibility and commmitment, cultural sensitivity and respect for diversity into scientific work.